Open market operations
The Eurosystem’s regular open market operations consist of one-week liquidity-providing operations in euro (main refinancing operations, or MROs) as well as three-month liquidity-providing operations in euro (longer-term refinancing operations, or LTROs).
MROs serve to steer short-term interest rates, to manage the liquidity situation and to signal the monetary policy stance in the euro area, while LTROs provide additional, longer-term refinancing to the financial sector.
Non-standard monetary policy measures
Three-year LTROs - In recent years, the regular operations have been complemented by two liquidity-providing long-term refinancing operations in euro with a three-year maturity (maturing on 29 January 2015 and on 26 February 2015), as well as by US dollar liquidity-providing operations.
PELTROs – Pandemic emergency longer-term refinancing operations – On 30 April 2020 the ECB’s Governing Council decided to conduct a series of seven pandemic emergency longer-term refinancing operations (PELTROs) to provide liquidity support to the euro area financial system and ensure smooth money market conditions during the pandemic period.
TLTROs - Targeted longer-term refinancing operations - The targeted longer-term refinancing operations (TLTROs) are Eurosystem operations that provide financing to credit institutions for periods of up to four years. They offer long-term funding at attractive conditions to banks in order to further ease private sector credit conditions and stimulate bank lending to the real economy.
APP - Asset purchases programme - In addition and since 2009, several programs of outright asset purchases have been implemented with the objective of sustaining growth across the euro area and in consistency with the aim of achieving inflation rates below, but close to, 2% over the medium term.
PEPP - Pandemic emergency purchase programme - On 18 March 2020 the ECB’s Governing Council announced a new pandemic emergency purchase programme with an envelope of €750 billion, to last until the end of 2020. The temporary programme was designed as a response to the coronavirus emergency to address the unprecedented situation faced by our monetary union.
|Ref.||Type||Settlement date||Maturity date||Days||Allotted amount||Outstanding amount|
|20200221||MRO||21/10/2020||28/10/2020||7||1.01 bn||1.01 bn|
|20200215||LTRO||08/10/2020||26/08/2021||322||1.01 bn||1.01 bn|
|20200211||LTRO||01/10/2020||17/12/2020||77||0.51 bn||0.51 bn|
|20200207||LTRO||30/09/2020||27/09/2023||1092||174.46 bn||174.46 bn|
|20200195||LTRO||03/09/2020||26/08/2021||357||0.79 bn||0.79 bn|
|20200190||LTRO||27/08/2020||26/11/2020||91||0.24 bn||0.24 bn|
|20200174||LTRO||06/08/2020||30/09/2021||420||5.68 bn||5.68 bn|
|20200168||LTRO||30/07/2020||29/10/2020||91||0.15 bn||0.15 bn|
|20200131||LTRO||24/06/2020||28/06/2023||1099||1308.43 bn||1308.43 bn|
|20200136||LTRO||24/06/2020||30/09/2021||463||15.61 bn||15.61 bn|
|20200098||LTRO||21/05/2020||30/09/2021||497||0.85 bn||0.85 bn|
|20200029||LTRO||25/03/2020||29/03/2023||1099||114.98 bn||114.98 bn|
|20190129||LTRO||18/12/2019||21/12/2022||1099||97.72 bn||97.72 bn|
|20190097||LTRO||25/09/2019||28/09/2022||1099||3.4 bn||3.4 bn|
|20170028||LTRO||29/03/2017||24/03/2021||1456||233.47 bn||20.87 bn|
|20160133||LTRO||21/12/2016||16/12/2020||1456||62.16 bn||8.42 bn|
|1) MRO = Main Refinancing Operations, LTRO = Long Term Refinancing Operations, OT = other type of operation|
|Ref.||Curr.||Settlement date||Maturity date||Days||Allotted amount|
|Instrument||Outstanding amount1 (EUR millions)|
|Covered bonds purchase programme||452|
|Securities markets programme||32,618|
|Covered bonds purchase programme 2||2,764|
|Covered bonds purchase programme 3||286,704|
|Asset-backed securities purchase programme||29,379|
|Public sector purchase programme||2,303,066|
|Corporate sector purchase programme||239,316|
|Pandemic emergency purchase programme||600,592|
|1 At amortised cost|
|See Asset purchases programmes for more information|
- Consolidated calendar of Eurosystem tender operations last update: 28 September 2020
- Indicative calendar for the Eurosystem's regular tender operations
- Indicative calendar of reserve maintenance periods
- Indicative calendar for the Eurosystem's tender operations in USD
- Revised indicative calendar for TLTRO-III, published 4 May 2020
- Indicative calendar for PELTROs
Please refer to the ad hoc communications for the latest information on schedules.
- US dollar collateralised operations last update: 12 December 2017
Main refinancing operations
- History of open market operations since 1999
- History of ad hoc communications related to monetary policy implementation